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How To Date A Deck Of Playing Cards (USPC)

The following material, designed to assist collectors in dating their U.S. decks, is produced here courtesy of the 52 Plus Joker Organization. It appeared originally in an article by Margery Griffith, then curator of the United States Playing Card Co. Museum in Cincinnati, in their quarterly bulletin 'CLEAR THE DECKS' in April 1991.

How to date your deck of playing cardsA dating aid, very useful for decks manufactured by United States Playing Card Co., was a dating code placed on the Ace of Spades at time of manufacture. The code first came into use in 1904 and it applies only to Aces of Spades that bear a letter plus a four-digit number. Combinations with fewer numbers have no meaning for collectors.

Right from the beginning in 1904, the same codes were used by National Playing Card Co. and New York Consolidated Card Co., subsidiaries by then of USPC. Andrew Dougherty and Russell Playing Card Co. also used these codes, as they became part of USPC in 1907 and 1929 respectively.

If you look at the Ace of Spades above, you'll see the lot number L1653H directly below the MADE IN USA. Now refer to the chart below to see which year(s) they printed the L code.

Dating Chart
A - 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000
B - 1921 1976 1996 - -
C - 1922 1941 1961 1981 2001
D - - 1942 1962 1982 2002
E - 1923 1943 1963 1983 2003
F - 1924 1944 1964 1984 2004
G 1904 1925 1945 1965 1985 2005
H 1905 1926 1946 1966 1986 2006
J 1906 1927 1947 1967 1987 2007
K 1907 1928 1948 1968 1988 2008
L 1908 1929 1949 1969 1989 2009
M 1909 1930 1950 1970 1990 2010
N 1910 - - - - 2011
P 1911 1931 1951 1971 1991 -
R 1912 1932 1952 1972 1992 2012
S 1913 1933 1953 1973 1993 2013
T 1914 1934 1954 1974 1994 2014
U 1915 1935 1955 1975 1995
W 1916 1936 1956 - -
X 1917 1937 1957 1977 1997
Y 1918 1938 1958 1978 1998
Z 1919 1939 1959 1979 1999


1. Around 1965, USPC began the practice of "pre-facing" some decks, especially Congress decks. This means a supply of faces were printed then stored so the backs could be added as needed. Therefore, Congress cards and any other pre-faced brands stopped using the codes altogether.

2. The letters I, O, and V are not used because they can easily be confused with numbers. However, Q was used sporadically throughout 1991 and 1992

3. Currently, a majority of custom decks printed by USPCC for Magic Companies either do not follow this code or do not print a number on their Ace of Spades.

4. USPCC may change their codes at any time without notice. Therefore everything in grey on this chart is subject to change without notice. Most modern decks produced in Erlanger bare copyright dates on the bottom of the box and the four digit prefix before the letter indicates the week and year of manufacture.

5. The letter H was also used sporadically in 2013.

*Thanks to Don Boyer and Tom & Judy Dawson for their help updating this chart.

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